Lithium-ion batteries have many advantages over their lead-acid counterparts. For example, they are lighter, more efficient, charge faster, and have a longer lifespan. However, they are also susceptible to many conditions that can damage the battery pack. To avoid these conditions, lithium-ion batteries utilize a battery management system (BMS). A BMS could be considered the brain of a battery pack. It is a set of electronics that monitors and manages all aspects of the battery’s performance and, more importantly, prevents the battery from operating beyond its safety margins.